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This page is a repository of close to 300 Hellschreiber related documents that I have been able to collect to this day. There is still a number of documents that I am trying to get a copy of. My current "wanted list" is here (update March-2017). Please contact me if you can help getting copies (or high-res scans) of those documents, or of relevant documents that are not listed below.

Throughout the pages of this Hellschreiber website, I have  referenced and provided over 900 additional documents (incl. patents). However, they are more about historic aspects of related technologies, Hellschreiber components and their manufacturers, equipment interfaced with Hellschreibers machines, Hell machines from other manufacturers, modern software implementations, etc. 

Note: many of these articles are copyrighted material; all related restrictions regarding access and usage apply. In general, copyrighted material may (only) be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Last page update: 15 March 2017


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ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS FROM SIEMENS & HALSKE (1933-1975)


Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Arie van Oijen (PE1AQB) Gerard Wolthuis (PA3BCB), Heinz Blumber (DC4GL), Ralf Lampe, Bernd Rothe, Siemens Corporate Archive/München


External links last checked: October 2015


GERMAN MILITARY DOCUMENTS - WEHRMACHT, HEER, LUFTWAFFE (1939-1944)

  • Ref. 1: "Der Typenbildschreiber (Hellschreiber)", Probst, pp. 164-166 in "Deutsche Nachrichtentruppen (Die F-Flagge)" [Zeitschrift für die Nachrichtentruppe und Truppennachrichtenverbände des Heeres, der Luftwaffe und der Waffen-SS - Nachrichtenblatt der Nachrichtenkameradschaften des NS-Reichskriegerbundes], Vol. 15, Nr. 9, September 1939, pp. 164-166
  • Ref. 2: "Der Feldfernschreiber; Schaltbild des Feldfernschreibers", Heeresnachrichtenschule Gr. Fe [Army Signal Corps School], Merkblatt Fe 601 + Fe 602, Halle (Saale), January 1940, 5 pp.
  • Ref. 3: "Der Feldfernschreiber", Luftwaffen Dienstvorschriften L.Dv. 702/1 Heft 213, "Luftnachrichtentruppe – Ausbildung am Gerät, Teil 1 - Gerätebeschreibungen", Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM), 21 November 1940 [25 MB; this is the Luftwaffe Feld-Hell manual; counterpart to the Army manual D 758/1 below]
  • Ref. 3A: "Der Feldfernschreiber", LDv 702/1, Heft 213; pp. 8-27 in "Fernschreibmaschinen", Heft 2 of "Fernschreibgerätelehre", Fsg-2, Arbeitsunterlagen für nachrichtentechnisches Unterricht, Luftnachrichtenschule, Halle (Saale), 2. Auflage, July 1943, 107 pp. [high-resolution scan - 47 MB]
  • Ref. 4: "Der Typenbildschreiber Tbs 24a – 32", a personal Hellschreiber manual, written in 1940 by Rudolf Heinrich, soldier in the Signal Corps of the Wehrmacht (used with permission from Yuri Desyatnik). Note: this original document is handwritten, primarily in Sütterlin script, which is hard to read for most people these days.
  • Ref. 4A: A German version, transcribed to modern script by R. Gellhaus, and edited by me, is here.
  • Ref. 4B: An English version of the above transcribed German version, translated by me, Frank Dörenberg; is here.
  • Ref. 4C: For linguistically inclined readers, here is a version that has both the transcribed and the translated version, side by side.
  • Ref. 4D: The army units that Rudolf Heinrich served in, had Feldpost (field mail service) numbers 15663 and 27185. All Feldpost numbers are covered in "Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht - vollständiges Verzeichnis der Feldpostnummern in numerischer Folge und deren Aufschlüsselung; bearbeitet nach den im Bundesarchiv-Militärarchiv verwahrten Unterlagen des Heeresfeldpostmeister", Norbert Kannapin, Biblio-Verlag, ISBN-10: 3764811838; Bd. 1: Feldpost numbers 00001-20308, 429 pp., 1980, Bd. 2: numbers 20309-41991, 415 pp., 1981; Bd. 3: numbers 41992-87919, 321 pp., 1982. The pages with Nr. 15663 and 27185 are here.
  • Ref. 5: "Der Feldfernschreiber", document D 758/1 of the Oberkommando des Heeres, Heereswaffenamt, Amtsgruppe für Entwicklung und Prüfung, Berlin, 1 April 1941; this is the official original army manual in German for model T typ 58 (a.k.a. model 24a-32, a1, a2, based on drawing numbers). Here is another scan of this document, with high image quality. [30 MB]
  • Ref. 5A: "The Feldfernschreiber", the above D 758/1 "Der Feldfernschreiber" document, translated into English and annotated by me, Frank Dörenberg; updated 2 May 2009.
  • Ref. 6: "Merkblatt für die Bedienung des Tastzusatzes zum Feldfernschreiber (Tz. (Fu) 100 WS.)" [manual for the Feld-Hell keying device for the 100WS and 15WSb transmitters], Heereswaffenamt, Amtsgruppe für Entwicklung und Prüfung, Berlin, 1 January 1943, D 9016/5, 24 pp.
  • Ref. 7: "Die Hellschreiber Apparate", "Bedienung der Hellschreiber-Anlage", "Störungen an den Hellschreiber-Apparaten", pp. 46-56, pp. 107-108, and pp. 150-154 in Schweizerische Armee Technisches Reglement Nr. T 179d "Die große 1,5 kW Kurzwellen-Funkstation (G 1,5 K-Station)", Provisorische Ausgabe 1944
  • Ref. 8: "Beschreibung und Betriebsvorschrift für Funk-Navigationsanlage FuG 120" [Description and Operating Manual for Radio-Navigation System FuG 120 "Bernhardine", with 2-channel Hellschreiber radio-navigation printer], Telefunken G.m.b.H., document FN-T-GB Nr. 1932, December 1944, 43 pp. [30 MB]

OTHER GERMAN DOCUMENTS (1933-2013)

  • Ref. 1: "Siemens-Hell-Schreiber” [Handsender, Lochstriefensender, carbon tape Hellschreiber, test transmissions], H. Stahl, pp. 291-295 in “Telegraphen- und Fernsprech-Technik”, Vereinigung der höheren Reichspost- und Telegraphenbeamte unter Mitwirkung des Reichspostministeriums, Vol. 22, Nr. 11, 1933
  • Ref. 2: "Neues aus der deutschen Telegraphentechnik", H. Stahl, Elektrotechnische Zeitschrift (ETZ), Beihefte, Jg. 55, Heft 1, January 1934, p.13, 14.
  • Ref. 3: "Die Fortentwicklung des Fernschreibverkehrs über Draht und drahtlos", P. Storch, Elektrotechnische Zeitschrift (ETZ) [Hellschreiber, Handsender, Lochstreifensender on pp. 141-143], Jg. 55, Heft 5, 1 February 1934, pp. 109-112, 141-143
  • Ref. 4: "Der 7-Frequenz-Funkschreiber der Les Laboratoires L.M.T.", L. Devaux, F. Smets, Elektrisches Nachrichtenwesen (German edition of "Electrical Communication" of International Standard Electric Corp.), Volume 17, Nr. 1, December 1938, pp. 22-34
  • Ref. 4A: The same article was published in English as "L.M.T. Laboratories 7-Frequency Radio-Printer", L. Devaux, F. Smets, "Electrical Communication", Volume 17, Nr. 1, July 1938, pp. 22-34
  • Ref. 5: "Der Siemens-Hell-Schreiber", pp. 321-324 in "Lehrbuch der Fernmeldetechnik – Band 1", Karl Bergmann Verlag, C. Brendel, 1939, 527 pp.; also see next ref.
  • Ref. 6: "Der SH-Feldschreiber", pp. 324-328 in "Lehrbuch der Fernmeldetechnik – Band 1", Karl Bergmann Verlag, C. Brendel, 1939, 527 pp.
  • Ref. 7: "Abtast-Telegrafen" [incl. Presse-Hell, Feld-Hell, 7-tone], chapter IV in "Taschenbuch für Fernmeldetechniker", H.W. Goetsch, Oldenbourg Verlag, 1940, pp. 411-427 of 787
  • Ref. 8: "Siemens-Hell-Schreiber", F. Berck, pp. 237-240 in "Elektrotechnische Zeitschrift (ETZ)", Vol. 61, Issue 10, 7 March 1940
  • Ref. 9: "Bedeutung der Siemens-Hell-Geräte für die neuzeitliche Telegraphie" [Importance of Siemens-Hell equipment for modern telegraphy], K. Maßmann, E. Jansen in "Zeitschrift für Fernmeldetechnik, Werk- und Gerätebau (Zeitschrift des Verbandes deutscher Schwachstrom-Industrieller)", Vol. 21, 1940, Nr. 3, pp. 39-44
  • Ref. 10: "Die Einführung des Hell-Schreibers vom DNB aus gesehen. Rückschau auf den ersten Betriebsmonat" [introduction of the Hell-printer at the DNB news agency], p. 36-38 in "Der Zeitungs-Verlag: Fachblatt für das gesamte Pressewesen", Vol. 42, Nr. 4, 25 January 1941
  • Ref. 11: "Fernmeldetechnik", Band 9 of "Lehrbücher der Feinwerktechnik", Fritz Schiweck, 1st ed., 1942, 526 pp., C. F. Winter'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
  • Ref. 11A: "Siemens-Hell-Schreiber", pp. 149-166
  • Ref. 11B: "Der 7-Frequenzen-Schreiber" [7-tone printer], pp. 166-167
  • Ref. 11C: "Schnellmorseempfänger" [high-speed Morse printers], pp. 145-149
  • Ref. 12: "Der Siemens Hellschreiber", pp. 445-448, §1 E "Bildfunk" in "Lehrbuch der Hochfrequenztechnik", Fritz Vilbig, Vol. II, 4th ed., Akademische ,Verlagsgesellschaft Becker & Erber Kom.-Ges., 1944. (p. 448 missing)
  • Ref. 13: "Der Siemens-Hell-Schreiber und der neue Telefunken-Langwellen-Hell-Empfänger", in "Hochfrequenztechnik und Funk-Praxis - Zeitschrift für Funktechnik", Vol. 1, Nr. 14, December 1948
  • Ref. 14: "Der Hellschreiber", F. Bergtold, pp. 636-638 in "Orion, Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Zeitschrift für Jedermann", Jg. 4, Nr. 16, August 1949 [p. 638 missing]
  • Ref. 15: pp. 94-96, 162, 163, 170-172 in "Hochfrequenz-Nachrichtentrechnik für Elektrizitätswerke" [Hellschreiber over 30-220 kV power lines], 2nd ed., Gerhard Dreßler, Heinrich-Karl Podszeck, Springer Verlag, 1952, 183 pp.
  • Ref. 16: "Hell-Schreiber", Section 4e, pp. 465-467 in "Die Elektrotechnik", Rudolf Reinhardt (new edition by Friedrich Weichert), Fachbuchverlag, 1954, 600 pp.
  • Ref. 17: "Der Hellschreiber", section 4 pp. 75-76 in chapter "Fernmeldeeinrichtungen" of "Allgemeine Elektrotechnik: Schwachstrom: Grundbegriffe der Fernsprechtechnik, Fernsprechanlagen, Fernmeldeanlagen, normalisierte Schaltbilder", Josef Charwat, Verlag des Österreichischen Gewerkschaftsbundes, 1955, 103 pp.   [20 MB]
  • Ref. 18: "Hell-Schreiber", p. 477-479 in "Die Elektrotechnik : Die Grundgesetze der Elektrizitätslehre und die technische Erzeugung und Verwertung des elektrischen Stromes in gemeinverständlicher Darstellung", 4th ed., Rudolf Reinhardt (neu bearbeitet von F. Weichert), Fachbuchverlag, 1955, 631 pp.
  • Ref. 19: "Siemens-Hell-Geräte", pp. 61-77 in "Telegrafentechnik", Band 6, Teil 6 of "Der Dienst bei der Deutschen Bundespost - Leitfaden für die Ausbildung", [Hell Morse-Handlocher, Hell Morse-Schnellsender, Lochstreifensender, Streifenschreiber, Blattschreiber, Summer, Start-Stop, Anfeuchtgerät, Tabelle I (Bauarten), III (Siemens-Halske Bauarten), VII (Fernkabel)], Fritz Schiweck (ed.), R. v. Decker's Verlag, G. Schenck, 1960, 970 pp.
  • Ref. 20: "Hell-Schreibverfahren", section 2.1 (pp. 560-563) in "Funktechnik", Band 6, Teil 7 of "Der Dienst bei der Deutschen Bundespost - Leitfaden für die Ausbildung", Fritz Schiweck (ed.), R. v. Decker's Verlag, G. Schenck, 1960, 970 pp.
  • Ref. 21: "Der neue Siemens-Hell-Streifenschreiber für Start-Stop-betrieb bei der Deutschen Bundesbahn", Helmut Wendrich, in "Signal + Draht: Zeitschrift für das Signal- und Fernmeldewesen der Eisenbahnen", Nr. ??, 19??, pp. 78-80
  • Ref. 22: "Lochstreifensender für Hellgeber", Werner Leitenberger, in "Signal + Draht: Zeitschrift für das Signal- und Fernmeldewesen der Eisenbahnen", Nr. ??, 1958, pp. 77-78
  • Ref. 23: "Unser Start mit RTTY" [1st RTTY and Hellschreiber permit in Germany], Hans Horn, DL-QTC, Heft 8, 1960, pp. 71-73
  • Ref. 24: "Die schreibenden Drucktelegraphen (Bildschreiber) - Siemens-Hell-Schreiber", pp. 358-378 in "Fernmeldetechnik", Band 9 of "Lehrbücher der Feinwerktechnik", Fritz Schiweck, 4th ed., 1962, C. F. Winter'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 894 pp.
  • Ref. 25: "Siemens-Hell-Blattschreiber", Section 9.5.2.6 (pp. 368-372) in "Fernschreibtechnik", Fritz Schiweck, Band 9 of "Lehrbücher der Feinwerktechnik", 4th ed., 1962, C. F. Winter'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 894 pp. Note that the Blattschreiber does not appear in earlier editions of this book.
  • Ref. 26: "Der Hell-Schreiber", pp. 15-19 in "Einführung in die Nachrichtenübertragungstechnik", Volker Aschoff, Springer-Verlag, 1968, 147 pp.
  • Ref. 27: "Siemens-Hell-Schreiber", §4.3.2.1 (pp. 948-951) in "Nachrichtentechnik", Vol. 3 of "Taschenbuch Elektrotechnik", Eugen Philippow, VEB Verlag Technik, 1967, 1624 pp.
  • Ref. 28: "Entwicklung kommerzieller Empfänger", H. Hart, G. Schaffstein, G.Vogt, in "Telefunken Zeitung (technisch-wissenschaftliche Mitteilungen der Telefunken GmbH)", Jg. 23, Heft 87/88, September 1950 [incl. "Telefunken Presse-Hellempfänger E 11" and "Presse-Hellempfänger EPH/L/2" - special receivers with built-in detector/solenoid-driver for Presse Hell machines]
  • Ref. 29: pp. 158-165 in "Die Erde wird kleiner: vom Fackelzeichen zum Bildtelegramm" [brief description of start-stop sync and Hellschreiber], Johannes Sigleur, Franckh Publ., 1954, ASIN: B0028N8VXK.
  • Ref. 30: "Der Siemens-Hell-Schreiber", pp. 1314-1315 in "Das Bertelsmann Bildungsbuch", Bertelsmann Verlag, July 1956, 1886 pp.
  • Ref. 31: "Die Fernmeldetechnik als Hilfe bei der Rationalisierung der Eisenbahn", W. Leitenberger [Hellschreiber use in German railroad system is described in Section 3: "Modernisierung des Eisenbahnbetriebes"], ETR: Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau, Nr. 4, April 1966, pp. 139-146
  • Ref. 32: "Fs Apparate Sammlung 1945 - Ein neuer Anfang 1975, dem großen Strukturwandel in der Technologie", 1960s ? [2 pp. but incomplete; Hell-80]
  • Ref. 33: "Wann wurde eigentlich der letzte Hellschreiber außer Betrieb genommen??" ["When was the last Hellschreiber taken out of service??"], 2008 thread in the "Historische Bahn" forum of "Drehscheibe" ("turntable") website of railroad enthusiasts.
  • Ref. 34: "Der KVP / NVA Feldfernschreiber FSS.02-00001", Bernd Rothe, V2.3, 2013, 26 pp.
  • Ref. 35: "Der RFT-ATF Fernschreiber von 1952", Bernd Rothe, V3.1, 2013, 13 pp.

DOCUMENTS FROM/ABOUT RUDOLF HELL AND THE HELL COMPANY (1926-2003)


THE FELD-HELL "MODERN CLASSICS" / "REVIVAL CLASSICS" (1977-1990)


ARTICLES FROM GERMAN AMATEUR RADIO MAGAZINES(1975-2010)


Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Gerard Wolthuis (PA3BCB).


ARTICLES AND DOCUMENTS IN ENGLISH (1938-2015)


Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Louis Gonzales (F5LG).


External links last checked: October 2015


ARTICLES ROM DUTCH AMATEUR RADIO MAGAZINES (1976-2006)


Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Gerard Wolthuis (PA3BCB), Arie van Ooijen (PE1AQB), Koos Fockens (PA0KDF).


External links last checked: October 2015


HISTORIC ARTICLES AND DOCUMENTS IN FRENCH (1934-1938)


ARTICLES FROM FRENCH AMATEUR RADIO MAGAZINES (1969-2011)


Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Jan Smeets (EA3DPB/ON4ASZ), Juan Martin Martinez of U.R.E.


ARTICLES FROM SPANISH MAGAZINES (1945-2010)


ARTICLES AND DOCMENTS IN SWEDISH, NORWEGIAN, DANISH, FINNISH, AND ICELANDIC (1939-1999)


Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Andrew Lovell (SM6MOJ), Sigfus Jonsson (LA0BX), Karl-Gustav Strid (SM6FJB), Willi Reppel (SM6OMH), Risto Pellinen (OH2BT), Michael Andersen (OZ8NM)


ARTICLES FROM POLISH AMATEUR RADIO MAGAZINES (1998-2000)

  • Ref. 1: "Nowa emisja Hell ?", Piotr Herko (SP5XSB), in "Polski Związek Krótkofalowców Magazyn", nr 2, (421), 1998, pp. 24-26
  • Ref. 2: "Hell QSO", Piotr Herko (SP5XSB), in "Magazyn Krótkofalowców QTC", nr. 6, June 1998, p. 162
  • Ref. 3: "Emisje: HELL, PSK31, MT63", Piotr Herko (SP5XSB), in "Polski Związek Krótkofalowców", nr. 6, 2000, pp. 26-29

Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Piotr Herko (SP5XSB)


DOCUMENTS IN CZECH (1974-2003)

  • Ref. 1: "Dálnopisná technika systému HELL", Rudolf Hanuš, Nakladatelství dopravy a spojů (publ.), Prague, 1974, 117 pp. [Hell system, Feld-Hell, Hell Tempf39, Tempf72/73, Hell-fax]
  • Ref. 1A: Schema [schematic / circuit diagram page in high resolution]
  • Ref. 1B: Písmo [Hell-font pages (incl. Cyrillic) in higher resolution]
  • Ref. 2: "Dálnopis HELL (servisní manuál)", 54 pp.; this is a translation of the original German Wehrmacht Feld-Hell manual "D 758/1" of 1940, with some additional interfacing diagrams
  • Ref. 3: "Historie elektřiny a magnetizmu - Rudolf Hell", Amatérské Radio (A Radio) Konstrukční Elektronika, Nr. 4, 2003, pp. 1-2
  • Ref. 4: "Provoz "Feld-Hell"", Josef Klimosz (O2WO), pp. 51-54 in "Sborník príspĕvků mezinárodní setkáni radioamatéru " [Proceedings of International Radio Amateur Meeting], Holice/Czech Republic, August 2000

References 1 and 2 courtesy Martin Brukanov (OK2MNM), used with permission


DOCUMENTS IN BRASILIAN AND PORTUGESE (2005)


Thank you to those who kindly provided some of these documents to me: Ademir Machado (PT9AIA/PX9D)


DOCUMENTS IN ITALIAN (1941-1943)

  • Ref. 1: "Il telescritore Siemens-Hell" [The Siemens-Hell Teleprinter] , pp. 320-327 in "Manuale di Telegrafia", G. Spina (ed.), 351 pp., 1941, Ministero dell'Aeronautica, Uffico centrale delle telecommunicatione e dell'assistenza del volo (courtesy Vittorio Crapella, I2VIU)
  • Ref. 2: "Il telescritore Siemens-Hell campale" [The Siemens-Hell Field Teleprinter], pp. 328-335 in "Manuale di Telegrafia", G. Spina (ed.), xx pp., 1941, Ministero dell'Aeronautica, Uffico centrale delle telecommunicatione e dell'assistenza del volo.
  • Ref. 3: "Le Telescriventi Siemens-Hell ed il loro impiego per scopi campali" [The Siemens-Hell teleprinters and their use for field purposes], F. Catta, in "Rivista d'artiglieria e genio", Vol. 80, Nr. 10, October 1941, pp. 928-940
  • Ref. 4: "Istruzione per l'uso del telescrittore Siemens-Hell per uso campale", Siemens-Halske, May 1942, T anl. 4205/10 it. [1-page Feld-Hell instructions in Italian, from inside of carrying-case lid]
  • Ref. 5: "Telescrittore Siemens-Hell" [Feld-Hell manual], pp. 79-113 in "Vademecum del trasmettitore marconista", Scuola allieve uffciali di complemento del Genio, Pavia, April 1943

DOCUMENTS IN SERBIAN (1952)

Ref. 1: "Tehnika Tanjuga (II)", Svetislav Jordovič, Ilija Crnobrnja, Radioamater, September 1959, pp. 250-251

DOCUMENTS IN RUSSIAN (2013)


FELD-HELLSCHREIBER MAINTENANCE MANUALS


GERMAN MILITARY AND RADIO ABBREVIATIONS & TERMS - WITH TRANSLATIONS


External links last checked: January 2016


Note 1: due to copyright reasons, this file is in a password-protected directory. Contact me if you need access for research or personal study purposes.

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©2004-2016 F. Dörenberg, unless stated otherwise. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this publication may be used without permission from the author.